Wednesday, June 21, 2017

1000 Spanish Words Sorted by Frequency of Use

This list contains the 1000 most frequent spanish words, sorted by frequency.

Credits to wiktionary.

The full thing can be downloaded, for free, here: https://anonfiles.cc/file/81b3246becf1cf18af18efc858d7eda2

Preview:

1. de

Pronunciation

             (after a pause, 'l', 'm', 'n' and 'ñ') IPA(key): /de/, [d̪e̞]
             (elsewhere) IPA(key): /de/, [ð̞e̞]

Etymology 1

Noun

de f (plural des)
1.          The name of the Latin-script letter D/d.

Etymology 2

From Latin .

Preposition

de
1.          of; ’s; used after the thing owned and before the owner
               Constitución española de 1812
               Spanish constitution of 1812
               la cola del perro
               the dog’s tail
2.          from
               Soy de España.
               I’m from Spain.
3.          of, from (indicating cause)
               Él murió de hambre.
               He died of hunger.
4.          used to construct compound nouns (with attributive nouns)
               campamento de verano
               summer camp
Usage notes
As illustrated in the example above, de combines with el to form del.
Derived terms
             del

Synonyms

             desde

 

2. que

Etymology

From Latin quid, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis.

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /ke/
             Homophone: qué

Conjunction

que
1.          that
               Él dice que está triste.
               He says that he/she is sad.
2.          than
               Estoy más tarde que tú.
               I am later than you.
3.          indicating a reason, roughly because
               ¡Ve más lento, que es resbaloso!
               Slow down, (because) it is slippery!
4.          indicating desire or permission
               ¡Que punza el globo!
               will you pop the balloon!

Pronoun

que
1.          who; that
               la estrella que está en la película - “the star who is in the movie”
2.          that; whom
               la mujer con que yo hablé - “the woman with whom I spoke”
3.          that; which
               la casa que yo quiero - “the house that I want”

Derived terms

             quehacer m

Related terms

             qué

See also

             q

 

3. no

Etymology 1

From Old Spanish non, from Latin nōn (compare Catalan no, French non, Italian no, Portuguese não, Romanian nu).

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /no/

Adverb

no
1.          no
2.          not
Derived terms
             nonada f

Noun

no m (plural noes)
1.          no

Etymology 2

Contracted form of Latin numero, ablative singular of numerus (“number”).

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /ˈnu.me.ɾo/

Abbreviation

№, No., no. (número)
1.          number

References

             no” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

 

4. a

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /a/
             Homophone: ha
             Rhymes: -a

Etymology 1

Letter

a (lower case, upper case A)
1.          The first letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun

a f (plural aes)
1.          Name of the letter A.
See also
             (Latin script letter names) letra; a, be, ce, de, e, efe, ge, hache, i, jota, ka, ele, eme, ene, eñe, o, pe, cu, ere, ese, te, u, ve, ve doble/uve doble, equis, ye, zeta (Category: es:Latin letter names)

Etymology 2

From Latin ad (“to”), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (“near; at”).

Alternative forms

             (obsolete) á
             (obsolete) à

Preposition

a
1.          to
            1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
               Tenía en su casa una ama que pasaba de los cuarenta y una sobrina que no llegaba a los veinte, y un mozo de campo y plaza que así ensillaba el rocín como tomaba la podadera.
               He had in his house a housekeeper past forty, a niece under twenty, and a lad for the field and market-place, who used to saddle the hack as well as handle the billhook.
2.          by
3.          at
4.          Used before words referring to people, pets, or personified objects or places that function as direct objects: personal a.
               Lo busca a Usted.
               He is looking for you.
Usage notes
             Personal a is not translated into English.

See also

             Wikipedia article covering “personal a”

 

5. la

Etymology 1

From Old Spanish ela, from Latin illa(m), feminine singular of ille.

Article

la f sg (masculine el, feminine plural las, masculine plural los)
1.          the

Pronoun

la
1.          Accusative of ella, ello (when the antecedent's implied gender is feminine), and usted (when referring to a woman); her, it, you (formal)
2.          Impersonal neuter pronoun (accusative) in certain colloquial phrases: 'it', 'this'.
               La sabe toda.
               He/she knows everything (it all)
               ¡Dónde la viste!
               Where have you seen this!
               No te la creo.
               I don't believe you.
Usage notes
             Sometimes used where English would prefer a possessive: ""Tengo algo en la bolsa"" (literally, I have something in the bag) as opposed to ""Tengo algo en mi bolsa"". (I have something in my bag).

See also

             lo
             saberla
             pasarla
             jugársela
             buscarsela
             verla
Spanish personal pronouns
             Like other masculine Spanish words, masculine Spanish pronouns can be used when the gender of the subject is unknown or when the subject is plural and of mixed gender.

             If le or les precedes lo, la, los, or las in a clause, it is replaced with se (e.g., ""Se lo dije"" instead of ""Le lo dije"")
1 Not used with con; conmigo, contigo, and consigo are used instead, respectively
2 Treated as if it were third-person for purposes of conjugation and reflexivity
3 Depending on the implicit gender of the object being referred to
4 Used only in Spain

5 Used only in rare circumstances

Etymology 2

Noun

la m (plural las)
1.          (music) la (sixth note of the scale)
2.          (music) A (the musical note or key)
See also

             (musical notes) nota musical; do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si (Category: es:Music)

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